Ubuntu is a Linux based fast performed easy to use operating system that’s available desktop and server edition. Ubuntu is build with word document editor. Ubuntu applications are all free and open source. Ubuntu is made for sharing. Use it, modify it, improve it, share it. Anywhere, any time and with any number of people all over the world. No licence required.
Now we have to learn how to install Ubuntu on windows using VirtualBox. This guide can be very useful for your future development or personal studies.
Note : Ubuntu is Loading…..
Step 2: Boot the Ubuntu OS in VirtualBox and you will see this two option. Select the Install Ubuntu option.
Step 3: If you have an internet connection select download updates while installing. Its optional for selecting third party software. Press Continue to go to next process.
Note : If you have new harddisk and you don’t know to create the partition don’t worry about it. Simply select Erase disk and install Ubuntu otherwise follow the next step.
Some Partition Schemes and recommended size:
|Name||Size||Recommended Partition Size|
|/home||179.5 GB||Everything not used elsewhere, or separate drive.|
|/usr||7.6 GB||10 GB|
|/var||988.2 MB||2 GB|
|/lib||599.9 MB||5 GB|
|/boot||137.1 MB||250 MB|
|/opt||95.3 MB||500 MB to 5 GB This directory is not used by mainline software packages, but mostly from packages coming from theuniverse repositories. If you do not use the universe repositories often, you probably will not need much space here.|
|/etc||18.8 MB||250 MB|
|/sbin||7.8 MB||250 MB|
|/bin||6.5 MB||250 MB|
|/dev||876.0 KB||DO NOT PARTITION|
|/srv||200 KB||Unless you plan on installing web served data here, or are using a Server version of Ubuntu, this will not often need to be larger than 100 MB. If you are running a server, or plan to expand it yourself, plan ahead when sizing this.|
|/tmp||88 KB||This can get fairly large, but not larger than your swap space as a rule, so size this to match /swap|
|/mnt||8 kB (do not partition)||This is just an empty directory that serves as a mount point for temporary file systems, e.g. a rarely used network filesystem.|
|/media||8 kB (do not partition)||This contains subdirectories that are mount points for removable media like CDs and USB flash drives.|
(more details https://help.ubuntu.com/community/DiskSpace)
Step 4: select something else and press continue to go to next process.
Note: We are creating some basic partitions.
/ partition (always required)- minimum 8 GB, at least 15 GB recommended
Swap (very recommended)- at least size of RAM
/boot (sometimes required)- 250MB ~ 1GB
/home (optional)- size as you wish
Step 5: In right side click new partition table for create partition.
Step 6: In left corner you can see “+” button to create partition. Press “+” button and choose swap area and size. Swap is the partition for keeping unneeded memory pages. Also it can be used for hibernation.
Step 7: Again click left corner “+” symbol and choose mount point /(root) and enter the size. Here we choose 10GB of root size and press OK button.
Step 8: Click “+” symbol and choose mount point as /boot. Its size should be 250MB to 1GB. Here we choose 512MB. Press OK button.
Step 9: press “+” symbol choose mount point as /home. Here we are using remaining space and press OK button.
Step 10: Finally click Install Now button.
Step 11: Choose your location and press Continue button.
Step 12: Choose your keyboard layout and press Continue button.
Step 13: Create username, computer name and password. Finally press Continue to start installing Ubuntu.
Note : Now Ubuntu installing.
Step 15: Finally Click Restart Now button to end the Installation. After restarting the operating system you can use your Ubuntu Desktop.
Finally you install Ubuntu operating system on VirtualBox successfully. This guide will helpful for your personal studies or development.